Bhangra, folk dance and music of the Punjab (northwestern India and northeastern Pakistan) and the popular music genre that emerged from it in the mid-to-late 20th century. The newer bhangra blends various Western popular music with the original Punjabi tradition.
The term bhangra originally designated a particular dance performed by Sikh and Muslim men in the farming districts of the Punjab. Being a seasonal dance, traditional Bhangra is practiced in the month leading up to the festival of Vaisakhi. During this month, the harvest, especially wheat crop, is reaped. Local fairs mark the festival of Vaisakhi. After days of harvesting and at Vaisakhi fairs, Bhangra is performed, as a dance of men alone. Traditional Bhangra is performed in a circle and is performed using traditional dance steps. The drum is played according to local beats and is accompanied by singing peculiar to Majha which are folk songs called dhola.
The dance moves involve raising the arms above the shoulders. Some of the steps mimic actions related to harvesting. They move with passion and relaxed muscles and use lots of energy. Pakistan locals describe the dance as "Ahmed-ish" meaning that you dance in a very flamboyantly happy way. Traditional men wear a Punjabi Tamba and Kurta while doing bhangra. A Tamba, also known as Tehmat, is a piece of cloth wrapped around the waist. A kurta is a long shirt. In addition, men wear pagri (turban) to cover their heads. In recent times, men also wear turla, the fan attached to the pagri. Colorful vests are worn above the kurta. Phummans (small balls attached to ropes) are worn on each arm.
Women dancing modern Bhangra wear a traditional Punjabi dress known as a salwar kameez, long baggy pants tight at the ankle (Patiala) and a long colourful shirtand chunati. These items are all very colorful and vibrant, representing the rich rural colours of Punjab. Dhol, Khunda, Chimta, Lathi, rumaal, Saap are few names of props which are used during dance.