Garba is a form of dance that originated in the state of Gujarat in India in times of Lord Krishna. The name is derived from the Sanskrit term Garbha ("womb") and Deep ("a small earthenware lamp"). Many traditional garbas are performed around a centrally lit lamp or a picture or statue of the Goddess Shakti/ Durgamata/ Ambamata.
Garba / Raas involves rhythmic steps in a circular form and performed in a circle as a symbol of the Hindu view of time. As the cycle of time revolves, from birth, to life, to death and again to rebirth, the only thing that is constant is the Goddess. There are simple versions that involve repeating a short sequence of steps.
Raas is done in pairs while holding sticks called dandia. The dance involves hitting your partners dandiya with your own while following the beat of the music. Both men and women usually wear colourful costumes while performing garba and dandiya. The girls and the women wear Chaniya choli, a three-piece dress. Boys and men wear kafni pyjamas with a Ghagra - a short round kurta - above the knees and pagadi on the head with bandhini dupatta, kada, and mojiris.